Please download to get full document.

View again

of 9

India is one of the major banana exporting countries. Banana crop is an important source of income and employment in South and Central India.

Transfer and Establishment of Plants Hardening of Banana plants under natural conditions Hardening of Banana seedlings . Title: Slide 1 Last modified by: Vaishali Pagar
0 views9 pages
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Documenttranscript
Title: India is one of the major banana exporting countries. Banana crop is an important source of income and employment in South and Central India. 1 Introduction
  • India is one of the major banana exporting countries. Banana crop is an important source of income and employment in South and Central India.
  • Market sale and Export volume are directly responsible for economic and food security of banana cultivators. Secondary industries like banana processing and tissue culture plant production are also affected by these changes.
  • Seedling hardening is the physiological adaptation of plant to changes in climate or environment.
  • 2 Hardening of Plantlets in Culture Vessels
  • Tissue cultured banana plantlets are transferred from laboratory to Green house and then to out door for hardening.
  • Tissue cultured banana plantlets have well differentiated shoots and roots and receive nutrients from artificial growth medium.
  • The caps of tissue culture seedling bottles are opened for few days before shifting to green houses to help the seedlings for in vitro acclimatization.
  • 3 Hardening of Banana seedlings Tissue cultured banana seedlings before hardening 4 Preparing Vessels for Transplanting
  • After removing banana plantlets from the containers, the gel like agar medium is gently washed from the roots.
  • Pre-hardened, tissue cultured plantlets with well developed roots becomes ready for planting into potting media in a greenhouse.
  • Pre-hardened plants should be quickly prepared and transferred for the greenhouse nursery under partial shade.
  • 5 Plant Containers and Potting Media
  • Plastic pots or polyethylene bags can be used as nursery containers. Poly-bags are preferred for their light weight.
  • Potting mixture with 2 parts growing media mixture, 1 part Perlite, and 3 parts vermiculite sand is preferred for growing banana plantlets in greenhouse.
  • Slow-release fertilizers or liquid fertilizers are added to supply nutrient to plantlets. Multiple applications of liquid fertilizers are required.
  • 6 Hardening of Banana seedlings Hardening of banana seedlings under controlled conditions 7 Transfer and Establishment of Plants
  • Banana plants are allowed to acclimatize in greenhouse for 2 months with plant height up to 20 cm, before they get ready to transplant in the field.
  • Young plants typically produces a new leaf approximately every five days during their early development.
  • Gestation and stabilization periods of seedlings depends on nutrient status of the soil and type of cultivar and it ranges from 9 to10 month after transplanting.
  • 8 Hardening of Banana seedlings Hardening of Banana plants under natural conditions
    Advertisement
    MostRelated
    View more
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks
    SAVE OUR EARTH

    We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

    More details...

    Sign Now!

    We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

    x