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Linnaeus in Italy. The Spread of a Revolution in Science

The scholarly essays to be found here consider Linnaeus’ theories, their public representation and reception, and how these theories found support and controversy in all sectors of Italian society.
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  W ith the coexistence of suchcontrasting and highly differ-entiated cultural and political cur-rents in a territory linked—albeit in asomewhat unhomogenous manner—by a single language, Italy constitutesa perfect microcosm of the main in-tellectual currents present in 18thcentury Europe and from this histor-ical perspective a significant casestudy in the complex dynamics thatshaped the reception, influence andappropriation of the Linnaean revo-lution. In particular, it illustrates theprocess by which the works of a de- votedly Protestant scientist gradually conquered a country that was, atleast in appearance, devotedly Catholic. As emerges clearly fromthe overview provided by the essayspublished here, Linnaeus’ theoriesfound both solid support and clam-orous denial, underlining the subter-ranean mélange of personal, political,cultural and religious motives thatinfluenced the diffusion of the “new”natural sciences as conceived by Linnaeus in Systema naturae  . . . —From the Preface Background illustration: Monochromatic frescopainted in 1841 by Angelo Moja and Marco Antonio Trefogli after a drawing by PelagioPalagi and located in the vault of a reading room of the Royal Library of Turin. Courtesy of    Ministero per i Beni e le Attivita Culturali. UppsalaStudiesinHistoryofScience,Volume34  ISBN 0-88135-393-0 ,!7IA8I1-dfdjdi!  L  I   N N A  E  U  S   I   N  I   T  A  L  Y  BERETTA TOSI LINNAEUS IN ITALY  The Spread ofa Revolution in Science  MARCO BERETTA and   ALESSANDRO TOSI  Editors   About the editors Marco Beretta has a PhD in thehistory of science and ideas fromUppsala University. He teaches thehistory of science at the University of Bologna and is vice-director of theInstitute and Museum of the History of Science in Florence. He recently edited From Private to Public. Natural Collec-tions and Museums (2005) and Le Verre dans l’Empire Romain (2006). He iseditor of  Nuncius- Journal of the History of Science.  Alessandro Tosi is professor of arthistory at the University of Pisa. Hismain fields of research are the history of the visual arts and the relationship be-tween art and science between the 16thand 20th centuries. Previously published and currently available: Sidereus Nuncius & Stella Polaris The Scientific Relations Between Italy and Sweden in Early Modern History  (0-88135-188-1) Linnaeus The Man and His Work (0-88135-154-7) From Private to Public  Natural Collections and Museums  (0-88135-360-4) Science History Publications/ USA a division of    Watson Pubishing International LLCP.O. Box 1240, Sagamore Beach, MA 02562-1240 Manufactured in the USA. jacket_4803_R3.qxp 3/13/07 4:12 PM Page 1  Linnaeus in Italy  ch00_fm_4803.qxp 3/13/07 4:13 PM Page i  ch00_fm_4803.qxp 3/13/07 4:13 PM Page ii  Linnaeus in Italy  The Spread of a Revolution in Science  Marco Beretta and   Alessandro Tosi,  Editors  Science History Publications/usa a division of    Watson Publishing International LLCSagamore Beach 2007  ch00_fm_4803.qxp 3/13/07 4:13 PM Page iii  Uppsala Studies in History of Science 34  First published in the United States of Americaby Science History Publications/ USA a division of  Watson Publishing International LLCP. O. Box 1240, Sagamore Beach, MA 02562 All rights reserved. This book may not be reproduced, in whole or in part, in any form (beyond thecopying permitted by Sections 107 and 108 of the U.S. Copyright) without written permissionfrom the publisher.© 2007 Watson Publishing International LLC The translation of this work has been funded by SEPSS EGRETARIATO E UROPEOPERLE P UBBLICAZIONI S CIENTIFICHE Via Val d'Aposa 7 - 40123 Bologna - Italy - Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Linnaeus in Italy : the spread of a revolution in science / Marco Beretta and Alessandro Tosi, — (Uppsala studies in history of science ; 34)Includes bibliographical references and index.ISBN 0-88135-393-0 (alk. paper)1. Linné, Carl von, 1707–1778.2. Naturalists—Sweden—Biography.3. Botanist—Sweden—Biography.4. Natural history—Italy—History—18th century.5. Botany—Italy—History—18th century.I. Beretta, Marco.II. Tosi, Alessandro.QH44.L55 2007580.92—dc22[B]2007008895Designed and typeset by Publishers’ Design and Production Services, Inc., Sagamore Beach, Massachusetts. Manufactured in the U.S.A. ch00_fm_4803.qxp 3/13/07 4:13 PM Page iv
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