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Role of CALL in English teaching

Período: 1ro de enero al 30 de abril del 2020. TÍTULO: El papel efectivo de la técnica CALL en la enseñanza del inglés a nivel de posgrado: un estudio de caso de la Universidad del Punjab, Pakistán. AUTORES: 1. Master. Younas Muhammad. 2. Master.
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  1 Revista Dilemas Contemporáneos: Educación, Política y Valores. Http://www.dilemascontemporaneoseducacionpoliticayvalores.com/  Año: VII Número: 2 Artículo no.:20 Período: 1ro de enero al 30 de abril del 2020. TÍTULO:   El papel efectivo de la técnica CALL en la enseñanza del inglés a nivel de posgrado: un estudio de caso de la Universidad del Punjab, Pakistán.  AUTORES: 1. Master. Younas Muhammad. 2. Master. Uzma Noor.   3. Master. Samina Khalid. 4. Master. Muhammad Imran. RESUMEN:   El presente estudio tiene como objetivo observar el papel de CALL en la enseñanza del inglés. Mediante la integración de esta tecnología avanzada en la enseñanza de idiomas en forma de texto, sonidos, gráficos visuales, animaciones y medios, los maestros obtienen resultados más fructíferos y amplios bajo el mismo techo de sus alumnos. El método de encuesta fue utilizado para la recopilación de datos para investigar la efectividad de CALL en la enseñanza de inglés a nivel de  posgrado en la Universidad de Punjab. Concluye con recomendaciones sobre la enseñanza del idioma inglés a través de la técnica CALL También permite a los estudiantes aprender un conocimiento apropiado del idioma inglés.  PALABRAS CLAVES:   técnica CALL, efectividad, integración de tecnología, Pakistán, enseñanza del inglés.    2 TITLE: The effective role of call in teaching English at postgraduate level: A Case Study of University of the Punjab, Pakistan. AUTHORS: 1. Master. Younas Muhammad. 2. Master. Uzma Noor.   3. Master. Samina Khalid. 4. Master. Muhammad Imran. ABSTRACT: The present study aims to observe the role of CALL in teaching English. By the integration of this advanced technology in language teaching in the form of text, sounds, visual graphics, animations, and media, teachers get more fruitful and ample results under one roof from their students. The survey method used for the collection of data to investigate the effectiveness of CALL in teaching English at the postgraduate level at the University of Punjab. It concludes with recommendations that English language teaching through the CALL technique assist English teachers to provide quality-based language education along with the improvement of English language teaching skills. It also empowers the students to learn an appropriate knowledge of the English language. KEY WORDS:  técnica CALL, effectiveness, integration of technology, Pakistan, teaching English. INTRODUCTION. The days are gone when language teaching and learning was an immense problem in Pakistan. Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is a very effective tool to explore new ideas and deliver  proper knowledge to the student in this modern world of the 21st century. By the integration of advanced technology in language teaching and learning in Pakistan, makes the learning process much  3 easier and fruitful. On the other hand, the world is heading towards a knowledge economy and a lot of money invested in instructional software programs in teaching institutions. CALL is software that makes the task easy and comprehensible. Wain Timpe‐Laughlin and Oh  focuses on pedagogic principles and learning second/foreign languages to explore the effects of CALL. Mahdi and Al Khateeb (2019), and Imran and QuratulAain (2019) highlight the effectiveness of computers in practicing pronunciation while learning a foreign language. Alhujaylan (2019) evaluates the effective use of CALL to improve the writing skills of students and provides concrete knowledge to enhance their skills. Gönen (2019) discusses the field trips in different schools to know the abilities of in-service teachers about digital capacities and differentiates it in contextually. Savas (2018)  presents the scope of CALL in educational frameworks and the relation of specialists’ competencies. Mei Brown and Teo (2018) discuss the useful aspects, self-efficient, easy to use and effects of technology in teaching and learning aspects. CALL is very helpful for teachers, especially for second language acquisition teachers. Mei (2019) makes a comparison of intellectual and attitude among in-service teachers at both senior and junior levels to measure the abilities of CALL in teaching. English as the second language (ESL) convention through CALL in meetings between interested participants. The purposeful and effective integration of CALL into study programs remains at the very beginning stages. DEVELOPMENT. Objectives of the study. The main objective of the study is to understand the benefits of CALL in teaching English in the classroom. Some others are:   •   To test the ability and comprehend the English language teaching. •   To increase the students’ ability in recognizing four skills of the language.  4 By using this modern technology (CALL), the teacher can teach the English language by inordinate grasp with the help of integrated text, visual effect graphics, animations, and sound. He et al. (2015) use mixed-method to know the difficulties of computer-assisted language-learning programs in high schools of regional areas to know the actual realities. This helps them to understand the pronunciation and concept of language much better. Motteram (2014) is famous to link acknowledged influences about the current situation of language teaching programs in the education field. It helps the students to develop the listening skills, which considered the first in LSRW (learning, speaking, reading and writing). Walker and White (2013) and Rafique et al. (2018) said that it is a hurdle to express imaginative ideas because of lack of practice and giving secondary importance to these ideas in traditional teachings. Bax (2011) conceptualizes CALL normalization and points out that the state is responsible to adopt suitable technology to enhance language learning and learner needs. Pinner (2012) motivated teachers to use CALL in teaching pedagogy because it is the need of time to learn comprehensive knowledge in this new world. Stockwell (2012) argues that all teachers should be agreed to use CALL effectively to transfer technology in traditional classrooms and motivates the students to exercise these new techniques to get proper knowledge. Levy (2009) and Imran et al. (2019) point out that in each language aspect, a suitable technology should apply which helps the students to practice these tools to learn a language  properly. According to Hubbard (2008) and Afzaal et al. (2019), the crucial component that teachers need to be prepared with for real classrooms. Chapelle (2005) said teaching English programs have emphasized the importance of equipping teachers with the necessary skills and expertise to develop CALL materials. In light of the information revolution and the scientific challenges, there is a sweeping trend to use computers in all aspects of life and there is no exception. The said study highlights the points to understand the benefits of CALL in teaching English at the postgraduate level. This study planned  5 to explore the effective role of CALL contributes to the betterment of teaching English at the University of Punjab. Literature Review. Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) is a term introduced in the 1960s when people first time utilized computers in education systems. When computers first entered education on a relatively broad basis in the early sixties, the term Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI). Although the most commonly used acronym for the endeavor had been the generic CAI, there had also been increasingly frequent references to Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL). Tabassum and Farooq (2011) enlighten the benefits of pedagogical computer-assisted instruction in the field of science offered assistance to learn new knowledge of ESL through CALL. It is an approach, which used for teaching and learning especially for languages in which a computer used to deliver proper knowledge for learning languages particularly second languages and strengthening the instructional material to learn a proper language. Rashid (2017) examines some perspectives of the teachers and their relations to use CALL in high schools in Pakistan. Talaat discusses the dominance of instructional tools in public and private higher education and schools. With the substantial development of Information Technology, Computers are widely used in various areas including language teaching and learning area. Irshad and Ghani (2011) researched  pedagogically and reading comprehension benefits through CALL to develop advance level reading skills of English learners in Pakistan. According to Abbas (1998), the passing ratio of students at the secondary level and college level is very alarming and new techniques should be employed to deliver comprehensive knowledge. After lots of research, CALL has an impact on traditional language teaching and learning approaches to some extent. Although language teaching and learning approaches are different, the goal is the same: to develop the learners’ abilities as the same as na tive speakers. Mahmood et al. (2013) focused
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