Please download to get full document.

View again

of 47

WIND LOAD ANALYSIS CONFORMING TO BRITISH STANDARD WITH REFERENCE TO AML PROJECT, MALAYSIA

The Eurocodes have replaced the existing national building codes published by national standard bodies (e.g. BS 6399 has been superseded by BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005 General Actions – Wind Actions ). Yet, additionally, each country is expected to issue a
0 views47 pages
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Documenttranscript
  WIND LO D N LYSIS CONFORMING TO BRITISH ST ND RD WITH REFERENCE TO AML PROJECT, MALAYSIAMadhura MukherjeeNilkantaBaratPratipBhattacharyaSomnath Mukherjee 11  WHAT IS WIND? Windisthetermforairinmotionandisusuallyappliedtothenaturalhorizontalmotionoftheatmosphere.Theyareprimarilygeneratedbydifferencesinatmosphericpressure,andmodifiedbyrotationoftheearth. 22  EARLY STUDIES IN WIND LOADS Themassivenessofyesteryearstructuresdidlittletoemphasizetheimportanceofwindforces.Thesemassivestructureswerefrequentlymuchstifferthantheywerepredictedtobeduetoparticipationofnon-structuralcomponents,contributionofwhichwasdifficulttoestimate. Gustav Eiffel  wasthefirsttoconductstudiesandmeasuredisplacementsatthetopofhis300mtall  Eiffel Tower  (in1889)underactionofwinds. 3 FIG 1: THE EIFFEL TOWER 3  EVOLUTION OF WIND ENGINEERING The sky-scrapers boomofthe1930sresultedinanactiveinterestinwindforcesandanappreciationofthemeritsofstiffness,expressedthroughthedeflectioncriteria.Duringthistimethedescriptionofwindengineeringhasmovedfromsimplenotionsofstaticdragforcestomoresophisticatedmodelsdeterminedfrom windtunnelstudies and codevalues . 4 FIG 2: A SKYSCRAPER 4  BS EN 1991-1-4:2005 SUPPORTED BY UK NATIONAL ANNEX TheEurocodeshavereplacedtheexistingnationalbuildingcodespublishedbynationalstandardbodies(e.g.  BS 6399 has been superseded by BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005 General Actions – Wind Actions ).Yet,additionally,eachcountryisexpectedtoissueaNationalAnnextotheEurocodeswhichwillneedreferencingforaparticularcountry(e.g.  The UK National Annex  ).Sincetheproject Ferro-AlloysComplexinSarawak,Malaysia atBintulu,Sarawak,MalaysiademandedwindloadingaspertheBritishnorms,itwasdecidedtoconformtotheprocedurelaiddownprimarilyby  UK National Annex that complements BS EN 1991-1-4 : 2005  . 55
Advertisement
MostRelated
View more
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x