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East Asian Environmental History Syllabus (Spring 2018)

East Asian Environmental History Syllabus (Spring 2018)
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  HIST2891   /   ASNS2890   /   ENVS   2491 E AST A SIAN E  NVIRONMENTAL H ISTORY   Lecture Meeting: TR 11:30AM to 12:55PM Professor: Sakura Christmas Class Location: Adams 114 Office: 38 College Street, Room 102 Office Hours: T 7:00PM to 10:00PM Email: schristm@bowdoin.edu C OURSE D ESCRIPTION  The Anthropocene defines an epoch in which humans have become the dominant force in shaping their environment. This seminar examines the role of East Asia in the emergence of this new era, from the seventeenth century to the  present. In debating the narrative of ecological change in China, Japan, and Korea, readings and discussions focus on how successive regimes transformed their environments, and conversely, how those environments also structured modern human society. What specific political, social, and economic changes triggered the Anthropocene in East Asia? How have cultural, religious, and intellectual constructs conditioned its arrival and acceleration? Weekly topics include: commodity frontiers, environmental sustainability, public health, industrial pollution, and nuclear technology. “East Asian Environmental History” satisfies the College’s “International Perspectives” requirement because it examines the human relationship to nature in the context of modern China, Japan, and Korea. The course fosters awareness of this uneven relationship in a foreign context: how ethnic, religious, and class differences not only shape understandings of the environment, but also access to its resources. At the same time, discussions emphasize the agency of nonhuman actors in history, including environmental processes themselves, and how they in turn condition social, political, cultural, and economic realities. This seminar will contribute to your education at Bowdoin by giving you the opportunity to: •   Think   about history—to appreciate the importance of change, continuity, causality, contingency, and context •    Do  history—to undertake srcinal research, amass evidence, parse texts, and interrogate your sources •   Tell   history—to craft narratives that grapple with significant historical questions, advance a compelling argument, critique alternate viewpoints and theories, and present powerful conclusions to explain the past. R  EQUIRED T EXTS    All other texts have been uploaded to Blackboard. The following books have also been placed on reserve. •   Ian Jared Miller, The Nature of the Beasts: Empire and Exhibition at the Tokyo Imperial Zoo  (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013). •   Erik Mueggler, The Paper Road: Archive and Experience in the Botanical Exploration of West China and Tibet   (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011). •   Ruth Rogaski,  Hygienic Modernity: Meanings of Health and Disease in Treaty-Port China  (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004). •   Judith Shapiro,  Mao’s War Against Nature: Politics and the Environment in Revolutionary China  (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001). •   Brett Walker, Toxic Archipelago: A History of Industrial Disease in Japan (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2012).  Spring 2018 HIST2891 / ASNS2890 / ENVS2491 Syllabus 2   R  EQUIREMENTS AND A SSIGNMENTS  P ARTICIPATION (25%): Come to class prepared. This means having done the reading before seminar, bringing assigned texts to the classroom, and arriving on time. Participation means both speaking and listening to your peers respectfully, especially so in peer review of your initial paper drafts. You will also lead two seminar discussions with another member of the class . To prepare for student-led discussions, please come meet with me in office hours in advance to draft questions and draw out major themes from the readings. In the rare event that you cannot attend seminar, please contact me before class. Extended or frequent absences require a note from a doctor or from your dean. P OSTS (20%): You are responsible for posting a thoughtful response to the readings on Blackboard ten times over the course of the term, starting in Week Two. Web-posts should run no more than a paragraph long and respond to the prompt. Consider writing about ideas from the reading that you find contradictory, counterintuitive, or interesting. Web-posts are due by 11PM on Wednesday . Late responses will not be taken into consideration. P ROJECTS (30%): This course requires three graded assignments, each worth 10% of your total grade, during the term to prepare you for your final paper. Please choose primary and secondary sources in consultation with your  professor. Further details and grading rubrics will be distributed in class. You will be docked one third of a letter grade each day that an assignment runs late; after one week, you will receive a ZERO. 1.   A  Primary Source Analysis  of three to four pages (~1000 words) due in Week Five  in which you will select, interpret, and contextualize a text, image, commodity, or artifact representing some aspect of East Asian environmental history. 2.   An  Annotated Bibliography due in Week Eight , in which you will identify and detail seven to ten primary and secondary sources, summarize their major arguments, and explain how they relate to the topic of your final research paper. 3.   A  Historiography Essay  of four to five pages (~1500 words) due in Week Twelve  in which you will select three works of secondary scholarship (article, chapter or book) and trace how a particular debate within the field has shifted over the last few decades. P APER (25%): You will write a research   essay of twelve to fifteen pages  on a topic of your choosing that examines an aspect of East Asian environmental history. The paper should rely on the interpretation of primary sources and contextualization through secondary works. You may incorporate parts of your primary source analysis, annotated  bibliography, and historiography essay into this final paper. Please meet with me in office hours to discuss and develop your topic. When you are writing, do not hesitate to ask for advice.  Email your paper by 5PM on Saturday,  May 19 th .  No extensions will be accepted unless in case of medical or family emergencies with documentation from your dean. You will fail the class automatically if you do not submit a Primary Source Analysis, Annotated Bibliography, Historiography Essay, and Final Research Paper. D IGITAL P OLICY We are living in the midst of a digital revolution that has the power to enhance your learning and   to distract you from distilling and absorbing information in lecture. Recent psychological research has demonstrated that we learn  better when we take notes by hand than when we type on a keyboard. The embodied experience of writing allows for us to focus and process class contents, which can lead to deeper comprehension and memory encoding. For this reason, I recommend that you treat this seminar as a chance to sharpen your listening and writing skills. This course will not allow electronic screens of any kind (cell phones, tablets, laptops, etc.) during lecture or discussion unless you have a documented academic accommodation. Please consider printing and bringing your readings to class.  Spring 2018 HIST2891 / ASNS2890 / ENVS2491 Syllabus 3   A CADEMIC A CCOMMODATIONS  Students needing academic adjustments because of a documented disability must register with the Director of Accommodations for Students with Disabilities in the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs. They also must follow up with the instructor in person during the first week of term. Failure to do so may result in the instructor’s inability to respond in a timely manner. All discussions will remain confidential, although the office will discuss appropriate implementation with the instructor. P LAGIARISM AND C OLLABORATION   Excellent academic work relies upon the spirited exchange of ideas between colleagues. When writing your essays, you may discuss the broader historical themes addressed in your assignment with your instructor and peers. Any work that you submit for evaluation, however, must reflect your own research, framing, and writing on the topic. Please use quotation marks for any word-for-word citations of more than five words taken from another text and footnote all sources consulted while writing your essay according to The Chicago Manual of Style. Unauthorized copying from any source or unauthorized collaboration between students will result in action by the Judiciary Board. G RADING R  UBRIC  93–99 A Delivers a probing, persuasive, and srcinal argument that goes beyond discussion in class with a meticulous and nuanced analysis of evidence, but also recognizes limitations and contradictions of sources; a fluid but concise writing style that contains minor mechanical errors 90–92 A- 88–89 B+ Conveys a clear, direct thesis statement with a conventional interpretation of evidence and strong sentence structure but with little room for nuance or contingency; may progress through the argument as a list, rather than building it up over the course of the paper; has occasional moments of pithy insights but these do not outweigh contradictions in logic and unsupported claims 83–87 B 80–82 B- 78–79 C+ Displays some familiarity with the texts and ideas of the assignment by reflecting discussion in class,  but either the thesis statement significantly mangles the evidence provided or the evidence does not support the thesis statement; or narrates essay topic without any analysis or interpretation, often relying heavily on quotations so as cover up the author’s lack of comprehension of the primary or secondary sources; or demonstrates a poor grasp of the course material with vague or no thesis statement and major mistakes in language that prevent the reader from comprehending the argument 73–77 C 70–72 C- 69–60 D Partially completed assignments <59 F Plagiarized papers or work that has not been submitted at all  Spring 2018 HIST2891 / ASNS2890 / ENVS2491 Syllabus 4   S CHEDULE OF M EETINGS AND R  EADINGS W EEK   1 N ATURE ’ S O RIENT  01.23 Tu Course Syllabus   01.25 Th Ramachandra Guha, “Radical American Environmentalism and Wilderness Preservation: A Third World Critique” in  Environmental Ethics , Vol. 11, No. 1 (1989), 71–83. Tessa Morris-Suzuki,  Re-inventing Japan: Time, Space, Nature  (Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 1998), 35–59. Dee Mack Williams,  Beyond Great Walls: Environment, Identity, and Development on the Chinese Grasslands of Inner Mongolia  (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002), 61–79. W EEK   2 A SIA IN THE A  NTHROPOCENE  01.30 Tu Will Steffen, Paul Crutzen, and John McNeill, “The Anthropocene: Are Humans Now Overwhelming the Great Forces of Nature?” in  AMBIO: Journal of the Human Environment  , Vol. 36, No. 8 (December 2007), 614–621. Mark Hudson, “Placing Asia in the Anthropocene: Histories, Vulnerabilities, Responses” in  Journal of Asian Studies , Vol. 73, No. 4 (November 2014), 941–962. 02.01 Th Dipesh Chakrabarty, “The Climate of History: Four Theses” in Critical Inquiry , Vol. 35, No. 2 (Winter 2009), 197–222. Julia Adeney Thomas, “History and Biology in the Anthropocene: Problems of Scale, Problems of Value” in  American Historical Review , Vol. 119, No. 5 (December 2014), 1587–1607. W EEK   3 T HE  N ATURE OF B ORDERS T ERRESTRIAL  02.06 Tu David Bello, “To Go Where No Han Could Go for Long: Malaria and the Qing Construction of Ethnic Administrative Space in Frontier Yunnan” in  Modern China , Vol. 31, No. 3 (July 2005), 283–317. Seonmin Kim, Ginseng and Borderland: Territorial Boundaries and Political Relations between Qing China and Choson Korea, 1636–1912  (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2017), 1–46, 153–160. 02.08 Th Brett Walker, The Conquest of Ainu Lands: Ecology and Culture in Japanese Expansion, 1590– 1800  (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001), 1–16, 73–98. W EEK   4 R  ESEARCH W EEK 02.13 Tu Collections Orientation, Hawthorne-Longfellow Library, Bowdoin College  Spring 2018 HIST2891 / ASNS2890 / ENVS2491 Syllabus 5   02.15 Th No Class W EEK 5 T HE  N ATURE OF B ORDERS P ELAGIC  02.20 Tu   Eric Tagliacozzo, “A Necklace of Fins: Marine Goods Trading in Maritime Southeast Asia, 1780– 1860” in  International Journal of Asian Studies , Vol. 1, No. 1 (January 2004), 23–48. William M. Tsutsui, “The Pelagic Empire: Reconsidering Japanese Expansion” in  Japan at  Nature’s Edge: The Environmental Context of a Global Power   (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2013), 21–38.   02.22 Th   Micah Muscolino, “The Yellow Croaker War: Fishery Disputes between China and Japan, 1925– 1935” in  Environmental History , Vol. 13, No. 2 (April 2008), 306–324. Ryan Tucker Jones, “Running into Whales: A History of the North Pacific from below the Waves” in  American Historical Review, Vol. 118, No. 2 (April 2014), 349–377. ***PRIMARY SOURCE ANALYSIS DUE IN MAILBOX BY FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 23 rd , 5PM*** W EEK 6 D EBATING E ARLY M ODERN D ECLENSIONISM  02.27 Tu Mike Davis,  Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World   (New York: Verso Press, 2001), 1–16, 61–79, 279–310. Mark Elvin, The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of China (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998), 9–39. Robert Marks, Tigers, Rice, Silk, and Silt: Environment and Economy in Late Imperial South China (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), 1–15, 309–332. 03.01 Th John Lee, “Postwar Pines: The Military and the Expansion of State Forests in Post-Imjin Korea, 1598–1684” in  Journal of Asian Studies  (forthcoming). Jonathan Schlesinger,  A World Trimmed with Fur: Wild Things, Pristine Places, and the Natural  Fringes of Qing Rule (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017), 1–15, 93–128 . W EEK 7 T HE  N ATURE OF K   NOWLEDGE AND THE K   NOWLEDGE OF  N ATURE   03.06 Tu Michel Foucault, The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences (New York: Vintage Books, 1970), xv–xxiv, 125–145. Erik Mueggler, The Paper Road: Archive and Experience in the Botanical Exploration of West China and Tibet   (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011), 1–86. 03.08 Th Erik Mueggler, The Paper Road  , 87–178. S PRING B REAK   
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